The resources available to Italy for the 2021-2027 programming period are described in Partnership Agreement 2021-2027. For this seven-year period, Italy has available 74,067,329,380 euros between the ERDF, ESF+ and JTF, to which must be added 987,290,803 euros from the FEAMPA, for a total of 75,054,620,183 euros (42,697,750,649 euros of EU contribution and 32,356,869,534 euros of national contribution), in favor of 10 National Programmes, 38 Regional Programs and 4 Programs of the Autonomous Provinces of Bolzano and Trento.
Added to these are the resources of the European Territorial Cooperation: Italy participates in 19 Interreg programmes, with a total budget of 1,248,000,000 euros. This is the highest amount of all previous programming periods.
The European and national resources of the 2021-2027 Structural Funds are distributed as follows:
The main European Structural Funds supporting the 2021-2027 cohesion policy are:
The pandemic has contributed to aggravating the conditions of several already vulnerable groups of the population. The most pressing challenges, especially in the South, are: the participation of young people and women in the labor market; the prevention and fight against early school leaving; raising the level of tertiary education; the strengthening of skills, especially digital ones, throughout the lifespan; the fight against poverty and social exclusion, especially of minors; the resilience of the health system; the enhancement of culture and tourism in economic development, for inclusion and social innovation.
Interventions of particular interest to social service providers are those falling under OBJECTIVE 4 of the Agreement, for A MORE SOCIAL AND INCLUSIVE EUROPE, which focus on the following priorities:
The reference programs for achieving these objectives are:
Funds: ERDF, ESF+.
The Italian Partnership Agreement provides for the establishment of 10 National Programs (NP), aimed at the implementation of the following areas:
25.575 billion euros are reserved for National Programs between European funding and national co-financing.
A larger share of resources, amounting to 48.492 billion euros, will instead go to finance the Regional Programmes, which will be promoted by all the Regions and Autonomous Provinces.
Breakdown of funds in relation to national plans and amount allocated to them
|PN||Funds||Application area||TOTALS (€ million)*|
|School and skills||ERDF; ESF+||Entire national territory||3.781,0|
|Research, innovation and competitiveness for the green and digital transition||ERDF||Less developed regions||5.636,0|
|Security for legality||ERDF||Less developed regions||235,3|
|Equity in health||ERDF; ESF+||Less developed regions||625,0|
|Inclusion and fight against poverty||ERDF; ESF+||Entire national territory||4.079,9|
|Young people, women and work||FSE+||Entire national territory||5.088,7|
|Metro Plus and medium-sized cities in the South||ERDF; ESF+||Metropolitan cities and medium-sized cities of the South||3.002,5|
|Culture||ERDF||Less developed regions||648,3|
|Capacity for Cohesion||ERDF; ESF+||Entire national territory||1.267,4|
|Just Transition Fund||JTF||Taranto and Sulcis Iglesiente||1.211,3|
* The table includes both EU and national contributions. To these is added the PN FEAMPA
RESOURCES ALLOCATED TO THE REGIONS FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE NATIONAL PLANS
|REGION||ASSIGNED RESOURCES (millions of €, shares including EU and national contributions)||REGION||ASSIGNED RESOURCES(millions of €, shares including EU and national contributions)|
|Abruzzo||1.087,6||P.A. of Bolzano||396,6|
|Basilicata||983,0||P.A. of Trent||340,7|
In order to contribute to the achievement of the main objectives of the Union strategy, the Member States are called to concentrate financial support “on the interventions which bring the greatest added value” to the achievement of this strategy.
ERDF/CF thematic concentration: Italy decides to respect the thematic concentration at the level of the regional categories
ESF+ thematic concentration: The ESF+ pays particular attention to social inclusion and young people (thematic concentration of 30% and 15% respectively, as per the table below).
|The Member State complies with the thematic concentration requirements||Percentage||ESF+ programs foreseen|
|Social inclusion||30,00%||NP Equity in health ERDF-ESF+, NP Inclusion and fight against poverty ERDF-ESF+, PR Abruzzo ESF+, PR Campania ESF+, PR Emilia-Romagna FSE+, PR Friuli-Venezia Giulia, ESF+, PR Lazio, ESF+, PR Liguria ESF+, PR Lombardy FSE+, PR Marche FSE+, PR PA Bolzano FSE+, PR PA Trento FSE+, PR Piedmont FSE+, PR Sardinia FSE+, PR Sicily FSE+, PR Tuscany FSE+|
|Support for the poor||3,00%||NP Inclusion and fight against poverty ERDF-ESF+|
|Support for youth employment||15,00%||NP Youth, women and work ESF+, PR Abruzzo FSE+, PR Campania FSE+, PR Emilia Romagna FSE+, PR Friuli Venezia Giulia FSE+, PR Lazio FSE+, PR Liguria FSE+, PR Lombardy FSE+, PR Marche FSE+, PR Piedmont FSE+, PR Sardinia FSE+, PR Sicily FSE+, PR Tuscany FSE+, PR Umbria FSE+, PR Valle d’Aosta FSE+, PR Veneto FSE+, PR Molise ERDF-ESF+, PR Puglia ERDF-FSE+, PR Calabria ERDF-ESF+, PR Basilicata ERDF-ESF+|
|Support for the fight against poverty infantile||5,00%||NP School and skills ERDF-ESF+, NP Inclusion e fight against poverty ERDF-ESF+|
|Capacity building of the parties social and NGOs||0,25%||NP School and skills ERDF-ESF+, NP Equity in health ERDF-ESF+, NP Iclusion and fight against poverty ERDFSE+, NP Youth, women and ESF+ work PR Abruzzo FSE+, PR Campania FSE+, PR Emilia Romagna FSE+, PR Frili Venezia Giulia FSE+, PR Lazio FSE+, PR Liguria FSE+, PR Lombardia FSE+, PR Marche FSE+, PR PA Bolzano FSE+, PR PA Trento FSE+, PR Piedmont FSE+, PR Sardinia FSE+, PR Sicily FSE+, PR Tuscany FSE+, PR Umbria FSE+, PR Valle d’Aosta ESF+, PR Veneto FSE+, PR Molise ESFSE+, PR Puglia ERDF-ESF+, PR Calabria ERDF-ESF+, PR Basilicata ERDF-FSE+, PN Metro plus and medium-sized cities in the South ERDF-ESF+, NP Capacity for TA cohesion ERDF-ESF+|
At the national level, the seat of strategic coordination of cohesion policy remains confirmed in Committee with functions of monitoring and accompanying the implementation of programs (AP Committee), already established in 2014-2020. The AP Committee is chaired by the Department for Cohesion Policies (established within the Presidency of the Council of Ministers), as the National Coordination Authority of the Cohesion Policy Funds, by the Agency for Territorial Cohesion (ACT), and by the National Agency for Active Labor Policies (ANPAL).
The Committee is made up of the Program Management Authorities, the Central Administrations responsible for horizontal principles, the National Authorities responsible for satisfying the enabling conditions, the National Coordination Authorities of the ETC Objective as well as the ETC interregional coordination, the Institutional Partnership ( including UPI, ANCI and UNCEM) and economic-social and by organizations representing civil society, on the basis of criteria that ensure full consistency with the European Code of Conduct for partnerships. The competent DGs of the European Commission are invited to the meetings of the Committee.
The PA Committee has its own territorial and thematic articulations, in relation to the specificities of the areas and sectoral and horizontal themes to be addressed. It is divided into subcommittees (Subcommittees for Southern Italy, Monitoring and Control and Social Rights). The latter, pertaining to the policy areas of the ESF Plus, will guarantee a specific monitoring action for the coordination of the actions of the National and Regional Programs and will provide at least once a year information on the demarcation and complementarity of the ESF Plus with other funds of the PA or with other Funds (such as the FAMI, EAFRD, PNRR).
In order to guarantee effective mechanisms of coordination between the cohesion policy and the PNRR and to systematize, in an organic and unitary vision, the actions of the cohesion policy with those supported through the Recovery and Resilience Device, the establishment within the Committee of a dedicated technical table, which will meet at least twice a year.
In the 2021-2027 programming, the European legislation confirms the strengthening of the partnership principle already implemented in the 2014-2020 programming, for an effective and efficient implementation of the funds. To this end, it is essential to promote maximum inclusion, throughout the entire programming cycle, of the associations and representatives of subjects potentially influenced by the use of cohesion policy funds or who are bearers of knowledge and instances of support for decision-making processes they concern the use of these funds, in order to guarantee informed participation and continuous discussion aimed at improving the preparation and implementation of the Agreement and the Programmes.
The novelty that affects all sectors, not just the social one, is the simplification of the thematic objectives (the 11 objectives of the 2014-2020 programming became 5 broad strategic objectives in the 2021-27 one): it is a novelty that allows States to be more flexible in transferring resources within their own action and to be more efficient in their use.
The ESF+ is the main financial instrument for implementing the European Pillar of Social Rights, and, this is the novelty, it includes various programs of the 2014-2020 programming, specifically the European Social Fund (ESF), the Initiative for the Youth Employment (YEI), the European Aid Fund for the Most Deprived (FEAD), the Employment and Social Innovation Program (EaSI) and the EU Health Programme.
The ESF+ pays particular attention to social inclusion and young people (thematic concentration of 30% and 15% respectively).
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