Support Center



I. The background of European Union funds in Hungary

Hungarian NGOs and service providers are in a unique position with regard to EU funds. Currently, they cannot access European Union funds at all due to the situation related to the procedure of Article 7 of the Treaty on European Union (TEU) and its consequences.

As part of the rule of law framework, Article 7 of the TEU aims to prevent threats to the rule of law by mobilizing mechanisms that may lead to sanctions against a member state that threatens the values ​​of the European Union. If the European Commission initiates the procedure according to Article 7 EU, a dialogue between the member state and the EU institutions will begin.

If a solution cannot be found, the Commission imposes far-reaching sanctions based on the procedure according to Article 7 of the EU Treaty, for example the suspension of certain rights arising from the Treaties for the Member State concerned, including the voting rights of its representatives in the Council of the EU.

The situation regarding the accessibility of European Union funds is briefly summarized below.

1. The issue of access to European Union funds in relation to the Recovery and Resilience Facility

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the European Union adopted the Recovery and Resilience Facility (RRF), which aims to support EU member states in the economic recovery process.

Due to the ongoing Article 7 proceedings against Hungary, the European Commission has defined 27 milestones, without which no funds can be obtained within the framework of the Recovery and Resilience Facility and no payments can be made to the Commission in connection therewith.

It is important for civil service providers to understand that Hungary’s fulfillment of the 27 super milestones is a condition for access to European Union funds. After fulfilling this, the country can access European Union funds. Therefore, it is worthwhile and important for service-providing NGOs to monitor the process of completing the 27 super milestones related to the Recovery and Resilience Facility.

2. The situation of access to resources (ESFA3, ERDF, etc.) used in the framework of the cohesion policy of the European Union

The procedure according to Article 7 of the TEU is ongoing, but at the same time, Hungary and the European Commission have agreed on the Partnership Agreement, which is the basic document for the EU programming period of the 2021-2027 cohesion policy funds.

This document is a detailed summary of how the Member State will use the funds. However, Hungary cannot access EU funds until it fulfills the eligibility conditions of the Partnership Agreement.

In December 2022, the Commission adopted the Partnership Agreement with Hungary, which contains a detailed roadmap on how to improve Hungary’s administrative capacity and address challenges such as transparency and competition in public procurement, prevention, detection and remediation of corruption, fraud and conflict of interest, and capacity building of the beneficiaries and partners of grants related to European Union funds.

The Partnership Agreement and the enabling conditions are closely related to the Recovery and Resilience Facility and the rule of law conditions set out in Article 7.

II. The structure and analysis of Hungary’s Partnership Agreement from the point of view of the cohesion foundations of the European Union

1. General overview of the Partnership Agreement:

Supporting the labor market, quality education and disadvantaged groups.

“The European Social Fund Plus (ESF+) supports access to the labor market and quality education with 5.3 billion euros, as well as the integration of disadvantaged groups, including the Roma. The development of the skills needed to prosper in the green and digital transition deserves special attention.
Support for access to education will play a prominent role – nearly 1.8 billion euros will help ensure better access to quality education throughout the country by providing essential funding to make the teaching profession more attractive.
ESF+ also contributes to the reduction of material and social deprivation and provides better opportunities for disadvantaged children from an early age through lifelong learning programmes.
The “Focus on the child” program, for example, provides the smallest children with the support they need for healthy development in the first 1,000 days. Finally, the funds improve the housing, living and health conditions of people living in segregated areas.
According to the Partnership Agreement with Hungary, a total of 6.7 billion euros will be spent on improving the energy efficiency of public and private buildings and increasing energy production from renewable energy sources within the framework of the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF). The program also supports the circular economy, water and wastewater management, and sustainable transport. It helps to improve air quality and protect ecosystems and biodiversity.

2. The total amount and distribution of shared management funds, broken down by thematic and/or fund type, in Euros

Policy objectivesERDFESF+
1. A smarter Europe4 339 140 438,00
2. Greener Europe4 571 970 853,00
3. A Better Connected Europe664 859 005,00
4. Social Europe911 016 702,005 100 285 369,00
5. A Europe closer to citizens2 624 481 473,00
Total amount in more developed regions:365 218,0090 394 084,00
Total amount in less developed regions:13 203 008 392,005 208 271 219,00

3. Operational programs and their determination between different funds

Name of Operational Program: Distribution between funds:
IKOP Plus ERDF, KA (KA=Cohesion Fund)

4. Social objectives of the Partnership Agreement

Social goals fall under four different operational programs in the Partnership Agreement, but all four operational programs are connected to each other within the framework of the priority of social goals (PO4).

“Within the framework of PO4, we typically support the development of care systems such as healthcare, public education, social, child welfare and child protection institutional systems, in the case of which the development needs are present nationally, regardless of the level of development of the region.
The EFOP Plus In addition to nationally impactful developments that provide access to mainstream services, we are planning additional humanitarian interventions in the framework of PO4, where the focus will be on disadvantaged groups – as a result, the involvement of the 4 most disadvantaged regions will be emphasized:

  • in the field of public education, to increase the participation of disadvantaged groups, especially the Roma, in quality education;
  • to reduce early school leaving, to increase student achievement, to improve the social and professional recognition of the teacher,
  • in the area of ​​social catch-up, to reduce the proportion of people living in financial and social deprivation, to improve the social and economic situation of disadvantaged groups, especially Roma, and to reduce their territorial segregation,
  • in the social field to support the independent living of vulnerable groups and
  • in the field of family affairs, in order to protect women and children most at risk of social exclusion, and to develop the care system related to early childhood education and care.
In addition, the Catching Up Settlements (FETE) program is aimed at addressing the needs of people living in the most disadvantaged settlements (designated in the relevant government decision), with the aim of providing them with access to mainstream services in a non-segregated manner.
A GINOP Plus within the framework of higher education and vocational training interventions are aimed at reducing dropout rates and inclusion, which are the biggest challenges in the 4 least developed regions.
In the case of the labor market, it is also true that the most unfavorable labor market situation can be identified in the 4 least developed regions, so this group of measures fits well with the regional resource allocation goal.
In the case of national priority employment projects, the county resource allocation is determined based on the county’s needs and challenges, and the territorial capacity of the National Employment Service (NFSZ) is also determined based on these.
A TOP Plus regarding the regional resource allocation determined during the county planning ensures that the support of the four least developed regions is emphasized in the case of the ERDF and ESZA+ resources available within the framework of the OP. In the OP, in addition to the least developed regions, the regional focus is complemented by the 36 districts to be developed with the complex program.
A DIMOP Plus in the case of digital skills development promoting access to services, as well as interventions aimed at improving the ICT skills of student groups, the aim is to prioritize the 4 most disadvantaged regions.”*

5. The target areas of the operational programs are the following:

HROP Plus (Human Resources Operational Program plus)

  • social catch-up
  • social innovation supporting catch-up settlements,
  • establishment and strengthening of social functions,
  • and the support of infrastructural developments helping to eliminate slum-like housing conditions

TOP More (Territory and Urban Development Operative Program plus)

  • “Caring County” priority axis, development of humanitarian activities
  •  human infrastructure development

GINOP Plusz (Economic Development and Innovation Operative Program Plusz)

  • development of higher education and vocational training (financed by ESF+ resources)
  • supporting economic development
  • increasing the productivity of SMEs,
  • development of innovation capacities

DIMOP Plus, (Digital Renewal Operative Program Plus)

  • development of a digital ecosystem,
  • improving the digital skills of the population, entrepreneurs, participants in training and education

Summarizing the operational programs mentioned above, human development is targeted in the following OPs:  GINOP Plusz, EFOP Plusz, DIMOP Plusz, TOPPlusz.

Within the framework of human development, vocational training, higher education, public education, public service, health, social, catch-up, and family and youth developments are implemented.

“With regard to service development, EFOP Plusz supports human development with a national impact, the goal of which is to provide and develop these services on the basis of uniform standards at the national level, which in many cases can be realized through priority projects of national scope.

On the other hand, TOP Plusz supports the development of local services (e.g. basic health and social care, strengthening of local communities, etc.). The development of human infrastructure (nursery; public education, including kindergartens; basic health care and municipal outpatient specialist care; basic municipal social care) is basically supported by TOP Plusz.

Within the framework of GINOP Plusz, the content development of vocational training and higher education, the operation of continuing education and incentive systems, and the increase of equal access to education and training are supported. In the field of public education, programs supporting the training and further education of teachers are implemented in the EFOP Plusz. And DIMOP Plusz supports the digital development of training and education services, as well as the development of citizens’ digital skills.

The developments of DIMOP Plusz, TOP Plusz, GINOP Plusz and EFOP Plusz therefore together and complementing each other ensure the sectoral goals of public education, vocational training, higher education, public services, social care, social integration, family and youth affairs and healthcare implementation.”*

6. Distribution/distribution of funds in national/regional programs:

“The management of territorial challenges is one of the priority tasks of the Partnership Agreement, which includes, on the one hand, the reduction of territorial inequalities and the utilization of development opportunities related to the territories.

As we indicated in the description of the territorial situation, seven of the eight Hungarian NUTS-2 regions belong to the category of less developed regions. Based on 2019 data, the four least developed Hungarian regions have a GDP per capita (measured at purchasing power parity) below or around 50% of the EU average:

Region nameIt has a GDP per capita (measured at purchasing power parity) below or around 50% of the EU averagePercentage distribution of allocated fundsWhat percentage of the population does it make up?
Northern Great Plain:47%65 %48%
Northern Hungary49%
South Transdanubia50%
Southern Great Plains53%
Pest 58%35%52 %
Central Transdanubia67%
Western Transdanubia71%

The population of the four regions makes up 48% of the country’s population, so with this resource allocation significantly exceeding the population ratio, positive discrimination is realized to a degree that can ensure that these regions catch up and that their level of development approaches the EU average. The overarching goal of all operational programs is to contribute to developments in less developed regions as well.”*

7. Identification of specific goals for social service providers for persons with disabilities:

“Measures aimed at persons with disabilities must fully comply with the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and the relevant general comments, guidelines, final findings and investigation reports of the UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, taking into account the rights of persons with disabilities to the provisions of the 2021-2030 EU strategy.

The measures actively promote independent living, for example by strengthening community-based services, responding to individual needs and deficiencies identified based on infrastructure and services mapping and needs assessment.

No measures will be implemented in long-term residential institutions.”*

8. Definition of the central/national authority responsible for EU funds and subsequent managing authorities

9. Availability of Operative Programs:

10. National websites related to European Union resources and other national platforms relevant to the social sector:

11. Calls for tenders are not yet available


Co-funded by the European Union. Views and opinions expressed are however those of the author(s) only and do not necessarily reflect those of the European Union. Neither the European Union nor the granting authority can be held responsible for them.

Funded by the European Union. Views and opinions expressed are however those of the author(s) only and do not necessarily reflect those of the European Union. Neither the European Union nor the granting authority can be held responsible for them.

Project coordinator

Funded by the European Union. Views and opinions expressed are however those of the author(s) only and do not necessarily reflect those of the European Union. Neither the European Union nor the granting authority can be held responsible for them.

Project coordinator