In the 2021-2027 funding period, Germany – like all other 26 EU member states – will be supported by the Umbrella Regulation (Regulation (EU) 2021/1060) supported by the EU funds ESF+, ERDF, EMFAF and JTF listed from 06/24/21. While the European Social Fund (ESF+), theEuropean Regional Development Fund (ERDF) and atEuropean Marine, Fisheries and Aquaculture Funds (EMFAF) are three EU funds that have been in use for many years, the Just Transition Fund (JTF) is an EU fund newly launched in 2021. The CPR contains a number of important changes compared to the 2014-2020 funding period. They affect both the design and the implementation of the EU funds in Germany.
All four EU funds are subject to the partnership agreement for Germany from 22.04.22. On the one hand, it reflects a narrower political link between the European Semester and funding under EU cohesion policy. On the other hand iIn the strategic approach for the new funding period 2021-2027, the interventions are geared towards five political goals (Art. 5 Para. 1), which replace the previous eleven thematic goals. These five policy goals are:
The cohesion policy funds for Germany add up to 19.860 billion euros in current prices. Of this, 10.820 billion euros are attributable to the ERDF, 6.562 billion euros to the ESF+ and 2.478 billion euros to the JTF. A further EUR 0.212 billion is earmarked for the EMFAF, so that Germany will receive a total of EUR 20.072 billion in EU funding from the four funds (ERDF, ESF+, JTF, EMFAF). In addition, Germany will receive EUR 1.022 billion from the ERDF for European Territorial Cooperation (ETZ).
Policy objective 4 “A more social and inclusive Europe through the implementation of the European Pillar of Social Rights”
Political objective 4 is supported in Germany with the ESF+ from the programs of the federal government and the 16 federal states. With the ESF+the European Pillar of Social Rights (EPSR) (2017) and the Action Plan on the EPSR (2021).. With its 20 key principles in the area of employment and social policy, the EPSR is intended to promote upward social convergence among member states and, when responding to current and future challenges in the area of employment and social policy, as a common compass for more coordinated action at the responsible levels serve.
Policy Objective 5 “A Europe closer to its citizens by promoting sustainable and integrated development of all types of territories and local initiatives”
Political objective 5 is taken up in Germany with the ERDF in the programs of 10 federal states. It is also supported by the German program for the EMFAF. Equal living conditions are very important in Germany and the goal is to create good development opportunities and fair opportunities for participation in all regions.
In order to reduce the problems presented and to initiate sustainable developments in the affected areas, the countries identify specific challenges based on the regional and local starting points and define areas of intervention, taking into account the existing national funding approaches, in order to contribute to achieving the goals of the political objective 5 to afford. The measures include strengthening the economic, environmental and mobility conditions in urban and extra-urban areas as well as investments in social infrastructure in disadvantaged urban districts. The further development of cooperation between the city and the surrounding area and intermunicipal cooperation is also supported.
The federal system in Germany means that the federal states are essentially responsible for the funding strategies in the ERDF and ESF+ and fill out the content of the funding measures within the specified framework. This leads to country-specific peculiarities in the programs. Exceptions to this are the federal program for the ESF+ and the EMFAF, which is jointly supported by the federal and state governments.
The federal and state governments have closely coordinated the program planning for the 2021-2027 funding period. This is intended to avoid overlaps in content and double funding and to ensure interlocking, holistic ESF Plus funding in Germany. The planned priorities of the federal states are essentially based on identified regional funding needs, which often correspond specifically with the state-specific recommendations.
The ESF+ funding programs of the federal government are implemented nationwide under the leadership of the Federal Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs (BMAS) – which is thus the central coordinating body, also for the ESF Managing Authorities – implemented by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF), the Federal Ministry for Family Affairs, Senior Citizens, Women and Youth (BMFSFJ), the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Climate Protection (BMWK) and the Federal Ministry for Housing, Urban Development and Building (BMWSB).
In the ESF+ 2021-2027 funding period, five federal ministries in total 28 ESF Plus funding programs implement and thus contribute to a more social Europe.
The Funding priorities in the ESF+ program 2021-2027 are summarized under 5 headings:
1. Promoting sustainable and quality employment, start-ups and entrepreneurship and adapting to change
2. Promoting social inclusion and fighting poverty
3. Investing in education, training and lifelong learning
4. Social Innovations
5. Support for the most disadvantaged
Distribution of funds in ESF+ to the thematic priorities:
The ERDF is the largest structural fund and supports all regions and cities in the EU in their economic and social development and an innovation-oriented European structural policy that promotes investments in future technologies and the achievement of climate protection goals. In the funding period 2021-2027, Germany will receive around 11.0 billion euros within the framework of political goals 1 “Promotion for a more competitive and intelligent Europe”, 2 “Promotion of a greener, CO2-free Europe” and 5 “Promotion of a Europe close to its citizens “ are used.
Policy objectives and distribution of ERDF funding (excluding technical assistance in %):
Distribution of ERDF funding in Policy Objective 1 to the specific objectives:
Source: the partnership agreement for Germany, p.
Websites on the EU Cohesion and Structural Funds
Overview of calls and tenders for submission of project benefits